If you're unfamiliar with physical therapy, you might be confused to hear the term "ultrasound" involved with treatment. However, if you have received physical therapy in the past, you're most likely very accustomed to the use of ultrasound therapy as part of your chiropractic treatment.
How is Ultrasound Created?
Ultrasound technology emits sound waves above the audible range of human hearing. Waves are created using electrical equipment that forces a material to vibrate with an incredibly high frequency - a frequency that we could not produce manually. The faster a material can vibrate, the higher frequency of the sound waves that it emits.
We utilize ultrasound equipment in a variety of fields, from ultrasonic detection in ships to testing for flaws in airplanes. However, chances are you are most familiar with using ultrasound in the medical field.
Therapeutic Ultrasound in Physical Therapy
When used in physical therapy, ultrasound technology provides deep heating to soft tissue, including muscles, joints, ligaments, and tendons. Ultrasound wave vibrations increase tissue temperature such that circulation to the tissue is also increased, helping to alleviate pain. While receiving ultrasound therapy, deep heating provides a warming sensation to afflicted areas.
Deep heating tissue also aids in releasing tension in tight muscles and tendons. This can be especially useful if you are remodeling scar tissue that has little to no elasticity or mobility. Your physical therapist can utilize ultrasound to improve the stretch of tissue and help to sustain tensile forces. Therapeutic ultrasound soothes sore muscles, and boosts healing.
Non-Thermal Effects of Ultrasound
Aside from deep heating, ultrasound therapy does include non-thermal benefits as well. During ultrasound therapy, an ultrasound transducer helps flood the body with energy. This energy catalyzes an effect called cavitation, in which microscopic gas bubbles surrounding soft tissue expand and contract rapidly.
Cavitation is believed to aid cellular processes, which healing of injured tissue. When incorporated into a wellness and recovery plan, this treatment assists in alleviating pain as well as working to ensure a quicker healing time.
In most cases, ultrasound therapy can be used to treat ailments such as:
- Back or neck pain
- Frozen shoulder
- Tennis elbow
- Muscle pain
- Sprains and strains
- Sore joints
- Degenerative disc disease
- Scar tissue remodeling
How is Ultrasound Applied during Physical Therapy?
When receiving ultrasound therapy, your physician will place a small amount of gel on the injured area and begin to slowly move the head of the transducer in small, circular motions around the body.
Ultrasound units are equipped with various settings that your physician can alter based on the level of depth he or she wishes the ultrasound waves to penetrate. These settings will vary as you progress through physical therapy sessions. If there is inflammation present, your physician may opt to use a topical medication while performing a therapeutic ultrasound to treat the swelling around the soft tissue.
To learn more about the use of therapeutic ultrasound in physical therapy, contact a ChiroCare of Florida office today.